In this tutorial we will discuss the concepts and challenges to mining data with cognitive computing systems. Cognitive Computing is the use of computational learning systems to augment cognitive capabilities in solving real world problems. Cognitive systems are designed to draw inferences from data and pursue the objectives they were given. Mining big data is the bases for innovative cognitive solutions that cannot rely on traditional systems. While traditional computers must be programmed by humans to perform specific tasks, cognitive systems will learn from human interactions with data. We will address these questions for Cognitive Systems: What are the human and technology needs? How this system can change the way data is mined? Can this system really help in data mining?